CCUS, which stands for Chronic Ulcerative Stomatitis, is a severe and chronic inflammatory condition that affects the oral cavity of animals, particularly cats. It is also commonly known as feline stomatitis or feline chronic gingivostomatitis (FCGS). CCUS is characterized by widespread inflammation, ulceration, and pain in the gums, oral mucosa, and throat of affected animals.

CCUS is believed to be an immune-mediated condition, where the cat’s immune system overreacts to the presence of dental plaque and tartar, leading to an intense inflammatory response. The exact cause of CCUS is not fully understood, but factors such as dental disease, viral infections (such as feline herpesvirus), and genetic predisposition may play a role.

The treatment of CCUS typically involves a multimodal approach. It starts with professional dental cleaning, where thorough removal of plaque and tartar is performed. In more severe cases, tooth extractions may be necessary to remove the source of inflammation. Additionally, anti-inflammatory medications, pain management, and immune-modulating drugs may be prescribed to alleviate symptoms and manage the underlying immune response.

In some cases, more advanced treatments such as laser therapy, cryotherapy, or immunosuppressive medications may be considered. The goal of treatment is to reduce pain, control inflammation, and improve the cat’s quality of life.

Long-term management of CCUS usually involves regular dental examinations, follow-up cleanings, and appropriate at-home dental care, such as tooth brushing and dental diets. Close monitoring by a veterinarian is essential to assess the response to treatment and make necessary adjustments.

CCUS is a complex condition that requires ongoing care and management. Veterinarians with expertise in dentistry and oral medicine can provide the best guidance and treatment options for affected animals.